Rights for Authors


Copyright is an umbrella term covering the rights of ownership, reproduction, distribution and sale of a work.
The laws relating to copyright are intended to protect the rights of an author while allowing for creative use of the work by others.

Copyright Ownership

The author or creator of a work owns the copyright to that work, until such time as they transfer all or part of those rights to another party, for example, a publisher, family member, or employer. In most cases, as an employee or student of the Victoria University of Wellington, you own the copyright to your research work until such time as you transfer some or all of those rights.

Use of Works under Copyright

The Copyright Act has a ‘fair dealing’ provision which allows for use and reproduction of a copyright protected work in certain circumstances. Examples of fair dealing are use for private study, criticism and review, and reporting current events.

There is also an ‘educational purposes’ provision which allows the reproduction of an item for teaching purposes, for example, class readings.

Rights for Users

General copyright and disclaimer

Items in ResearchArchive are protected by the Copyright Act 1994 (New Zealand) with all rights reserved), unless otherwise indicated.

Previously Published Research

Previously published items are made available in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. An Open access copy is available in ResearchArchive if it complies with the copyright holder/publisher conditions.

Unpublished Research - Theses, Technical Reports, Working Papers etc

Items may be consulted, provided you comply with the provisions of the Copyright Act 1994 (New Zealand) and the following conditions of use:

Creative Commons

Creative Commons Licenses

Copyright holders of works such as PhD and Master’s theses can choose to apply a Creative Commons license. A Creative Commons license allows an author to define how others are able to use your work, whilst still retaining full copyright protection. There are six types of licence available; these are outlined in the table below. For more information please refer to: Creative Commons
Creative Commons Licence types

Public Domain

Copyright holders can also choose to release their workwith out any form of restriction. In doing so they waive all of their rights. This is indicated with by CC0 and details can be found here: Creative Commons Public Domain.

Public domain notice